10 scientific phenomena without which you would not have been

10 scientific phenomena without which you would not have been


Every day we have the choice to accept his life, his existence, freedom and moments for granted or to Express appreciation and gratitude for the good things that surround us. The main thing that unites us is that we all live in one world and one Universe — I never deserve the respect it deserves. Here and now we can exist and survive for as long as us allows our allotted life span. It’s just there. Many times in the entire history of the Universe the laws of nature were in the right place at the right time to ensure our existence and allow us to look into the past 13.8 billion years, with a thankful heart. Before you ten events that made this possible and ten reasons to say thank you, hand-picked by physicist Ethan Siegel.

Say thank you Big Bang

Once in the history of the Universe was the day for which “yesterday” didn’t exist when expanding, cooling, filled with matter and radiation, the universe simply did not exist. The end of everything, what was before the Big Bang (like cosmic inflation), gave rise to a Universe full of particles, antiparticles, radiation and all the ingredients necessary for our existence. Without the Big Bang none of us would be.

Say thanks to the asymmetric Universe

There are many important symmetries, but if it were absolutely symmetrical, the world would be a completely equal number of matter and antimatter. As the universe cooled and expanded, they would be mutually destroyed, annihilated, leaving behind only scattered single particles and antiparticles. But instead we have a Universe filled with matter and not antimatter, and this is important. How did this asymmetry remains a mystery, although with many possible outcomes. However asymmetry of the Universe, this is definitely what allowed us to exist.

Say thank you to atoms

To exist, the necessary heavy nuclei in a variety of possible, stable configurations. In addition, we need a light, stable and oppositely charged particles (electrons) to form the building blocks for everything in our world. Particles in our Universe, cooling down, shrinking and linking, these form atoms, which then are combined and accumulate together to create a structure that today is our universe.

Say thanks to the gravitational force of the…

…which bring together massive pieces of matter. On large scales they form galaxies, clusters and the great cosmic web; for smaller gas clouds, stars and even planets. This gravitational force is the long range and universal force of all, she helped form our house and everything in it. Without gravity the world would not exist.

Say thank you to nuclear fusion…

…which occurs in the cores of stars. It not only illumines the Universe, filling it with high-energy radiation, but also ensures the existence of the periodic table of elements. The most massive stars that form in molecular gas clouds, uses gravity, burning hydrogen into helium, helium into carbon, and then into heavier elements like oxygen, neon, magnesium, sulphur, silica and even iron, cobalt and Nickel in their cores. Most heavy elements in the Universe, especially oxygen and carbon, are formed in this way.

Say thank you to cosmic cataclysms

Namely supernova and neutron star merger. These incredible agony the most massive stars in the Universe lead us to the periodic table. The most massive stars explode just a few million years, and the subsequent synthesis destroys the star and blows away the outer layers, filled with heavy elements into interstellar space. Meanwhile their bodies, which can become neutron stars produce most of the heavy stable elements of our periodic table. While the galaxy is massive enough to hold this material — again thanks to gravity again, heavy elements are built into future generations of stars and solar systems.

Say thank you to space processing

Say thank you we had enough time and enough generations of stars to gravity could bring them back to the molecular clouds that are left in our galaxy, and collapsed with the formation of new stars. These zvezdoobrazovaniya nebula, full of recycled material from a mixture of intact elements and stellar bodies, give rise to not only the stars but also protoplanetary disk, forming gas giants and solid worlds, so well familiar to us. If this material were thrown out, as in very small galaxies or even in our milky Way if it weren’t for dark matter, there would be no solar system with solid planets.

Say thanks to a cosmic coincidence, which made the Earth possible

Through 9.2 billion after the Big Bang, near young, the newborn star has formed a solid world with the right to life ingredients. These ingredients include not only carbon, oxygen, nitrogen and hydrogen, but also complex organic molecules and a large amount of liquid water. Our Solar system began with four potentially habitable worlds — Venus, Earth, and Mars theis — theis but no more, because it collided with the Ground. Venus is a hell planet, destroyed the greenhouse effect, while Mars lost its atmosphere and froze. Left only Earth — moist, the living world.

Say thank you to the unique evolutionary path of our world

To get to today, we have to think about all the incredible successes of our world. You can thank evolution; say thanks to the persistence of life and the fact that she survived all the mass extinctions that have affected our world. Say thank you plants, animals and fungi and random interactions, that sent our lives in the way that she chose. Say thank you to the entire history of your DNA and ancestry, without them you would not have a chance to exist. And finally…

Say thank you today

We are all given a small time in this Universe, but this brief moment of space and time gives us the opportunity to do what we want. Say thank you to the atoms and molecules of which you are a member. Thank this moment. Thank the confidence that the world will not disappear tomorrow. Thank the Universe that you have created; this is something common that we all have and that unites us truly cosmic way. No one will take that away from us.