The world is not the first day is developing projects for the greening of cities and the creation of so-called “vertical farm” that will not only improve the ecological environment, but also significantly save space. And here in the United Arab Emirates with the opening of the first vertical farm began work on the draft Badia Farms.
The new system does not require the use harmful pesticides, based on hydroponics and able to cultivate 18 types of the most popular leafy vegetables: radishes, arugula, dill, Basil and others. The installation itself is a 790 square kilometers. All plants get the necessary nutrients from special compounds, which gives multiple advantages. First, the flora consume 90% less water than when using “traditional” approach, and secondly, due to the lack of soil plants do not require huge amount of fertilizers and pesticides. In addition, for the growth of vegetables don’t even need sunlight — in the Badia Farms it is the role of special LEDs.
According to the newspaper Gulf News, the UAE is now in approximately 80% of the consumed vegetables are purchased from other countries, as well as the size of government are not allowed to have farmland, scientists and authorities have to resort to some tricks. Badia Farms and similar vertical farms can cut costs on the purchase of vegetables, as well as to reduce transportation costs and relieve the production warehouses. In addition, vertical farms will reduce the soil contamination by pesticides. Well, according to the most optimistic forecasts of authors of the project Badia Farms, vertical farms could even give the opportunity to the UAE to become an exporter of vegetables and fruits.