How decisions on the expulsion of employees of diplomatic missions
International demarche, in which 26 States at the same time has sent more than 150 Russian diplomats, caused the apparent confusion in Moscow.
“Smaller-scale expulsion, of course, has happened before, but it is always the Kremlin to react to them without the slightest delay, – said the Russian service “voice of America” expert Washington the Brookings institution, a former senior U.S. Department of state Steven Pifer. But now for the first time since the joint position was made almost thirty countries, and judging by the arisen pause and careful comments of Russian officials in Moscow did not immediately decide how to proceed”.
60 expulsion of Russian diplomats from the USA became already the second for last year and a half. At the end of 2016 the Obama administration announced that the United States should leave the 35 employees of the Russian diplomatic mission. At the same time, Russia was deprived of the right to use the two diplomatic “summer” in the States of new York and Maryland.
In the US administration then found it necessary to emphasize that the reason for this was the actions of Russia to intervene in predvybornoy the presidential campaign of 2016.
“Such an official explanation, if we translate it from the diplomatic language, it attests to the particular gravity of the claims against the state, – explained the “Voice of America” historian mark Schulman. – Vienna Convention on diplomatic relations adopted in 1961, and stipulating the norms and rules of international diplomacy, such explanations vobshe not intended. In the ninth article specifically States that the receiving state could declare any member of the diplomatic corps persona non grata, by notifying the appropriate direction, not explaining the reasons for the decision”.
Intelligence services of the USA has its own term for the expulsion of foreign diplomats – the word PNGing arising from the acronym for persona non grata, in tune with the English pinging. So usually call the signal that is sent from one computer to determine whether there is a relationship with others. Ultracatchy signal, or ping also sends a submarine to detect an obstacle or enemy.
“The vast majority of cases, the lists get send intelligence officers working under diplomatic cover, – said mark Schulman. In any Embassy, there are “legal spies”, which are responsible for contacts between the special services or law enforcement agencies of the two countries. They officially represent. “Illegal spies” operating under the guise of various diplomatic posts required to calculate counter-intelligence”.
As explained by the Russian service “voice of America” a few former employees of Federal agencies of the United States, in deciding on the expulsion of employees of foreign diplomatic mission, the administration sends the appropriate request to the FBI and the CIA. Intelligence agencies should make a list of already identified intelligence officers operating under diplomatic cover, then, after consultation with the Department of administration approves and sends to the authorities a list of the names of the Embassy staff to be expelled.
That such a list was handed over to the Russian side on Monday, this week, said state Department spokesman Heather Nauert, emphasizing that the work on the drafting of the document were involved in “the staff of several departments,” including the FBI.
“We are confident that our country will be more secure if the Russian go home,” she added.
In Moscow the decision of 26 countries on the expulsion of Russian diplomats explained, “unprecedented pressure” in London and Washington on its allies, simultaneously accusing the US of “promoting and fomenting a campaign of slander” against Russia.
Steven Pifer is confident that the UK authorities have provided their allies “the most convincing” evidence of the involvement of the Russian authorities to poisoning Sergei Skripal and his daughter.
“The public really was filed only statements by officials in the UK, but all the allies on intelligence matters have received satisfactory explanations and evidence that are accumulating in London, he says. – And, it seems, after studying these proofs, no one left the slightest doubt that the poisoning is involved Moscow”.
Former American intelligence officials approached the Russian service “voice of America,” explained solidarity actions from nearly three dozen countries that in the “Skripal” Russian special services “flagrantly” violated the unwritten rules adopted in the “spyware community”.
“There are a number of gentleman’s agreements that all countries try not to break, – assured the Russian service “voice of America” a former employee of U.S. intelligence, who asked not to be named. – The most important of them – the rejection of actions on physical elimination of the enemy, and the prohibition of any action against the family members of traitor or turncoat. Otherwise, between the intelligence services can break out the real war”.
Violation of this policy, according to the interlocutor of “voice of America” may be a valid reason for the expulsion of diplomats. In addition, the list of officially approved and recognized by all States, the grounds for such a diplomatic demarche are interference in the internal political processes, preparation or provoking a war, acts of sabotage, and the attempted abduction “of action plans in case of nuclear war.” In 2001 Washington announced the expulsion of Russian diplomats after the FBI Robert Hansen gave these plans the Russian intelligence service.
In the United States recognize that the current large-scale expulsion of employees of the Russian Embassy is unlikely to reduce “the level of spyware threats” from Moscow.
“This action may at some time cause damage to their capabilities, said NBC TV John McLaughlin, at one time acting Director of the CIA. – But Russia…considers espionage is too important a tool, and no public scandal can not change this approach. Perhaps for three to six months, they will experience difficulties at the operational level, but then restore capabilities.”
International journalist. Worked in “hot spots” in Karabakh, Tajikistan, Georgia, Bosnia, Chechnya. Was an investigative journalist.