This conclusion contains in the report of the International Institute for strategic studies
The US and Russia urgently need to revive originated in the days of the cold war, cooperation in the fight against the spread of nuclear weapons – to such conclusion experts of the International Institute for strategic studies.
The Institute has prepared a report entitled “Former and future partners: the US, Russia and nuclear nonproliferation” (Once and Future Partners: The United States, Russia and Nuclear Non-Proliferation), based on declassified intelligence archives, and shed light on the personal interaction between representatives of two countries which were enemies in the cold war, but helped to ensure compliance with the Treaty on the nonproliferation of nuclear weapons.
However, the Institute warns that half a century later, the contract came under pressure from many sides, as relations between Moscow and Washington, which reached a record of aggravation since the Cuban missile crisis of October 1962.
“Investments are needed to restore these habits of cooperation, because the threat really has not disappeared. There are still a lot of nuclear weapons, which is not in such a safe environment as we would like. And nuclear material even more”, – said the representative of the Institute Nicholas Redman.
There are concerns about a new arms race: Russia is developing tactical nuclear weapons, States are modernizing their nuclear capabilities.
Adopted in 2017, the Treaty for the prohibition of nuclear weapons was not signed any nuclear power and shows a growing division between countries that have nuclear weapons, and countries who don’t have it.
“If Russia and the United States will not cooperate, the problem is that they can very quickly lose the initiative in nuclear nonproliferation that has helped to keep still,” notes Redman.
The report outlines seven key lessons that can help to revive cooperation in the field of non-proliferation. Among other things, the authors of the report note that the leadership of both countries must recognize that their international image traditionally stronger when the world sees how they work.
The authors also urge both countries not to forget the lessons of the cold war, at that time, as the world is still facing serious nuclear threats.