Now it exists only on paper, in the form of a Memorandum of understanding. But if it is built, the recently announced solar photovoltaic project in Saudi Arabia will break all records. It will be larger than any existing solar project in 100 times. Upon completion, scheduled for 2030, the farm will be able to generate 200 gigawatts of energy. The project supports Softbank Group and the new crown Prince of Saudi Arabia Mohammed Bin Salman.
Solar Park desert Tengger in China, also known as the “Great wall of the sun”, is the world’s largest functioning solar farm with a capacity of 1.5 GW. Currently we are building more farms, including Westlands Solar Park, which will have already 2.7 GW of power. But they are overshadowed by the nascent Saudi project; two solar Park in the early stages will have a capacity of 7.2 GW and according to plan they will start to produce power in the next year.
The largest solar power plant in the world
The Saudi project to compare with the bigger projects, at the level of countries or even planets. Currently Saudi Arabia produces 77 GW. With the new project production will almost triple. The current total capacity of solar photovoltaic power generation worldwide (!) is 303 GWh. In other words, this new solar farm will be able to compete in the amount of generation of electricity with almost all of the world.
Of course, a practical doubling of world production of solar electricity is expensive; now in the project budget are budgeted for $ 200 billion (while, however, if you compare it with 20 billion dollars per polgahawela fusion energy, it’s not so bad). But this project will also help to solve a number of problems for the Saudis.
First, solar energy is produced by the well in the desert. Brightness is high, have space, and peak demand due to the need for air conditioning in cities and therefore corresponds to the peak load. Second, oil reserves are finite and some day they will come to an end. Saudi Arabia, being one of the largest oil exporters in the world, plans to diversify its economy and make it right.