Engineers space Agency NASA has begun to build a new Rover that will travel to Mars in July 2020 with the help of the carrier rocket “Atlas-5”. The Assembly of the new Mars Rover will be produced in the jet propulsion Laboratory (JPL) in Pasadena. Roughly the Assembly process of new Autonomous Mars science laboratory is a year and a half.
“Parts and equipment for the Mars Rover come not only from different cities in the U.S., but from around the world,” commented the head of operations in Assembly and testing of the lunar Rover at JPL David Gruel portal Space.com.
The source notes that, in particular, several scientific instruments, made in France, Norway and Spain.
One of the main tasks, which will be put before the new Rover Mars 2020 (title, likely working, and a more appropriate designation, the Rover will most likely obtain once completed it will build) would be to search for signs of life on our planetary neighbor.
According to experts of NASA, “the unit will explore the Geology of Mars, atmospheric composition, will assess natural resources and the threats they could encounter during future expeditions to this planet.”
One of the scientific instruments of new Mars Rover will be designed to obtain oxygen from the atmosphere of Mars, composed mostly of carbon dioxide. In addition, the Autonomous Mars laboratory will produce the fence of soil and stones, which in the longer term in the development of the planet are sent to Earth for further analysis.
The new Rover will have the size of a small car. Its length is about 3 metres (excluding the mechanical arm-manipulator), width – 2.7 meters and a height of 2.2 meters. However, his weight will be around 1050 kilograms, about 150 pounds more than the weight of “Curiosity”, having been in Mars for over 2000 earth days. By the way, in the development of the Mars 2020 it was decided to borrow a lot of components and parts of the latter.
The final selection of the landing of the new Rover NASA has not yet made, but among the most likely are the crater, Jezero, Gusev crater and the North-Eastern part of the low shield volcano a Large Sirte.