Despite the fact that astronomers have long known about the presence of oxygen on the moon, only recently Japanese spacecraft identified the presence of this element, and even with the very interesting nature of the earth. Discovery made probe SELENE (Kaguya), and the head of a team of planetary scientists Kentaro of Tedera from Osaka University reported about it on the pages of the journal Nature Astronomy.
The team believes that this discovery could not only shed light on some of the details of our planet’s formation several billion years ago, including the then condition of the atmosphere, but also to explain how oxygen from Earth landed on the moon.
Approximately five days each month the moon from the solar wind, the magnetosphere protects our planet – the region of space in a bubble, where the Earth’s magnetic field has significant effect. Scientists believe that the oxygen ions can move from our planet to the moon it was one of those periods, and ultimately found its home in the upper soil layer of the satellite and its breed.
Geological activity occurring on Earth, eventually erased all evidence of the ancient atmosphere of the planet. However, the oxygen ions present on the moon remain untouched for the past several billion years. Moreover, the collection of samples of this oxygen could help scientists understand how earth’s atmosphere has changed over time and what impact these changes could have on the evolution of different life forms.
Besides helping in understanding our planet’s past, such studies indirectly as well as directly assist in realization of our desires to colonize space. In the end, we need oxygen to breathe, and the Moon, apparently, seems to be one of the first possible points of colonization in the nearest plans of mankind.
Japan wants by 2030 to send to the moon astronaut. The head of Amazon and Blue Origin, Jeff Bezos believes that it’s the appropriate time for a permanent colony on the moon. United Arab Emirates also expressed their desire to establish a colony on the moon.
Canadian astronaut veteran Chris Hadfield believes that the colonization of the moon is the most logical next step after the delivery man into orbit and landing on the moon.
“I think if we follow the historical line, then the Moon should be the first colony, then Mars,” said Hadfield in an interview with New Scientist.
“We have to go back not just to show that we can go back again, but rather to begin to live there.”
Over the next years we do not know whether the Moon first extraterrestrial home to person, but regardless of the plans of the colonization of the Solar system, obviously we’re not finished with our natural satellite.