Diplomat Sergei Ordzhonikidze about the evolution of the United Nations
Photo: Russia 24/youtube.com
Established following the Second world war the United Nations took into account the negative experience of its predecessor — the League of Nations. During the Second world war had been a series of international conferences, meetings, at which participants discussed issues of creation of the UN. Of course, over the future of the United Nations, in particular over its Charter, worked the victorious powers, USSR, USA, England. Active participation on our part took the famous Professor of international law, S. B. Krylov and V. N. Durdenevsky. I had the opportunity to listen to interesting memories about working on the UN Charter during his studies at the Moscow state Institute of international relations.
The UN Charter signed on 26 June 1945 in San Francisco on behalf of Soviet Union famous Soviet diplomat Andrei Gromyko. For the first time in world history in this document emphasized the determination to save succeeding generations from the scourge of war and faith in fundamental human rights, in the dignity and worth of the human person and to promote social progress and better standards of life.
Unconditional outstanding contribution to the cause of peace became the purposes and principles enshrined in the UN Charter: to develop friendly relations among Nations based on respect for the principle of equal rights and self-determination of peoples and international cooperation in solving international problems of an economic, social, cultural or humanitarian character.
The United Nations today — a multi-level system, which includes six main organs. Of course, a fundamental role in the maintenance of international peace and security rests with the UN Security Council. All UN members, and today it’s 193 States are obliged to implement the decisions of the UN security Council.
In recent years there has been a lot of discussion about the need for UN reform, and most acute around the UN Security Council, which was conceived by the victorious powers in the Second world war as a mechanism of coordination of positions between the key international players. Of course, the UN needs to take into account the realities of today’s world, which contrast with the realities of 1945, and especially the emergence of new centers of power and influence. It should be noted that in the approaches of different States, there remains a significant divergence on this issue. In this regard, it is necessary to seek a broad consensus of all States members of the organization.
The benchmark should continue to be a challenge to make the Security Council more representative, but without compromising its effectiveness. It is important to note that with the ideas of limiting the right of veto of the five permanent members to agree not. This would mean a departure from the Charter the principle of unanimity of the permanent members, which is the cornerstone of the UN architecture, a system of checks and balances. The veto is not a privilege but a guarantee of balanced decision-making.
The headquarters of UN is located in new York. In addition to buildings in new York, the UN has regional headquarters in Geneva, Vienna, Nairobi, not to mention the regional economic commissions and other UN offices, which are located in many countries, including Russia. The question of the location of the headquarters of the organization were resolved for quite a long period since its formation on October 24, 1945. The original building of the United Nations was not. The first meeting of the General Assembly and the UN Security Council passed in London. There the General Assembly and the decision was made on temporary accommodation close to the UN in new York, in the village of lake success. And only at the end of 1946, the General Assembly adopted a decision on the construction of the permanent headquarters of the United Nations in new York. The proposal then put forward the United States. The Soviet Union supported him, voted against, in particular, France, the UK and the Netherlands. We know of 50 submitted projects of UN settled on the idea of Le Corbusier. Indeed, by the time of completion of the construction of the headquarters of the UN was an example of modern architectural design, skillfully combining a variety of styles. The official opening of the headquarters of UN in new York took place on 9 January 1951.
The UN today is not only a complex of buildings and the General infrastructure, specialized agencies (UNESCO, who and many others), as well as funds and programmes. The UN is about 61 thousand people. The work of the UN covers the entire spectrum of issues and problems facing humanity. Despite the radical changes in the world, the United Nations for seven decades has convincingly proved its relevance, including as a platform for the promotion of the values of equal partnership, has firmly established itself as an effective tool for settlement of regional conflicts, the conduct of numerous peacekeeping operations, responding to global challenges, including terrorism, organized crime, drug trafficking and more.
Author — Chairman of the Russian public Council on international cooperation and public diplomacy, the Deputy head of the Public chamber, former Deputy Secretary General of the UN
The opinion of the author may not coincide with the position of the editorial Board