Railways give way

Railways give way


Monthly up to 150 thousand tonnes of freight moves from rail to road transport, increasing the fleet and the load on the Federal highway

Photo: TASS/ Vladimir Smirnov

In 2016 there is a stable dynamics of the replacement of rail transport by road. Thus, in the period from April to October this year, about 100-150 thousand tons of cargo per month transported by road instead of Railways, and in winter with the network of Railways leaves 30-50 thousand tons of cargo.

According to the survey industry portal Infranews “Automotive market and competition in railway transport” (at the disposal of “Izvestia”), annually, because of the transfer of part of freight traffic on transport losses of railwaymen reach 210-215 billion, representing approximately 12% of the current earnings of Railways from freight transportation.

In particular, according to Infranews, every year on vehicles goes 400-450 thousand tons of scrap metal. The total volume of scrap in Russia is about 33 million tons, and consumers and for export this year, trucks delivered approximately 8 million tons, where the average shipping distance was about 400 km.

“Consequently, the Russian railway goes from 1.6 billion to 3.2 billion tonne-kilometres. Thus, the Railways annually loses from 300 million to 600 million rubles. And all the losses of the Railways from the care of the scrap metal on trucks is estimated at 11 billion rubles,” — experts believe.

Still 24-25 billion could earn by returning to the railroad about 15 million tonnes of ferrous metals. According to the Agency, annually up to 30 million tons of such cargo goes on a road network by overcoming, according to statistics, about 200 km, whereas in reality we are talking about a distance of not less than 400 km “Really long distances rides of less than half the volume. This distance, we estimate, according to the survey, at 550 km,” the study says.

Likewise, experts estimated the lost profit from railway and several other items of cargo. The flows of timber and lumber, leaving the vehicles “subtracted” from a revenue base of about 12 billion roubles, grain — about 24 billion rubles, construction materials — up to 35 billion roubles.

If the trend continue to persist and shippers, choosing the way of transportation will give preference to vehicles, according to analysts Infranews, this will lead to a repetition of the situation that has already occurred in China. So, in 2005, the volume of road transport is 40 times higher than the number of the train in Tibet Tanitidine and Shanghai, and 20 times in Zhejiang. The main consequence of this was a surge of motorization and road transport in the country.

The study notes that as a result of neconventionale and passivity Railways of China has increased domestic competition in the trucking industry, increased fleet, the decreased efficiency of its use. “Most importantly, in a spiral to provide for the development of the road network. And the example of China today, we understand that this is the path to continuous growth of spending on road construction,” — said in Infranews.

It is worth considering that Russia has not yet completed the formation of a basic network of Federal highways connecting all regions of the country, and meets the standard requirements and only 38% of roads of Federal importance. Now about 29% of the total length of the road network is used beyond the regulatory load, analysts said, citing “the Transport strategy of the Russian Federation”. Partly this is due to the insufficiently developed network of local (regional) roads, forcing carriers to transport local goods to use Federal highway.

In Russia for the past 15 years, the ratio of road and rail freight remains at the level of 4:1, note in Infranews. However, as described in the adverse trends have led experts to the conclusion that the Railways needs to be more actively involved in the competition with motorized traffic. In Infranews believe that a significant effect would optimize the turnaround time of small shipments (up to 100 tonnes) and the implementation of the send during the day. While this is the most important competitive advantage of road transport, according to the study.