Just a few days ago we reported that in Russia will be created the first hybrid fusion reactor, but for his work will need special materials, and, as it became known, the domestic specialists have developed a technology that allows real-time monitoring of how to influence the material conditions of thermonuclear fusion. This will greatly facilitate and accelerate the creation of heavy duty and energy efficient reactors.
The development is based on the Institute of nuclear physics. G. I. Budker SB RAS and the data about her was published in the journal Physica Scripta. The new technology will find its application when designing the construction of the thermonuclear reactor ITER. According to scientists, the temperature of the plasma in the chamber of ITER will be about 150 million degrees Celsius. Traditional analysis methods are applied after heat exposure, so they do not allow to fully predict the material behavior at such high loads. The new method allows for real-time diagnostics.
“On our experimental stand BETA to create a thermal shock, we use a powerful electron beam. He gives relatively little background light, which is usually a hindrance. While we monitor the surface condition on the structure of its thermal emission and scattering the laser radiation. The combination of the method of pulse heating and we have developed techniques allows real-time tracking changes in a surface. We found out that in uniform heating and can form hot region with high deformation.”
At the moment the most suitable material for fusion reactor tungsten is considered to be. During the pulse heating of the material is strongly expanding, and then contract when cooled and cracked. New technology the Russian scientists allows to predict the behavior of the metal, because the load can be short-lived. In this case you should be especially careful.
“At a pulse duration of heating less than one-thousandth of a second, during which time the tungsten is heated to several thousand degrees, we observed the formation of cracks a few seconds after impact, when the material has cooled down to room temperature”.