The government calls for support for priority sectors showing decline
Photo: TASS/press service of the government of the Russian Federation/Alexander Astafyev
Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev during a working meeting requested to extend for 2017 program of state support of car industry, light industry, transport and agricultural machinery. Ministry of economic development should develop a plan to ensure a stable socio-economic development of the country for the next year until December 1.
The economic situation remains difficult, although inflation in the country this year decreased significantly, the Prime Minister said during the meeting. This is due to slower growth in food prices and lower indexation of tariffs for housing and communal services. The unemployment rate remains in the figures of the previous year (5.6 percent), but real incomes are reduced, people spend less, “nailuchshim impact on economic indicators, including the indicator of retail trade.”
— To perform what must be done to change these negative trends so far as we are able to influence it. The positive trend to strengthen and develop, — said Medvedev.
He recalled that last year the government supported a number of priority industries for these purposes has been allocated more than 195 billion rubles, almost half of which is taken from the bailout Fund. In this case, Medvedev noted that in 2016 a small increase shown by industrial production, particularly forestry, light industry and chemical industry, manufacture of machinery and equipment.
Support measures helped to increase the market volume of sales of the bus. The demand for cars fell by 14%, but without mechanisms to support this figure could be even less. Significantly increased the level of production of cars of railway rolling stock. Also thanks to the decisions of the government had purchased ambulances and school buses.
I ask the regions to continue these support programs, the Prime Minister said.
— Farmers are actively purchasing new equipment, subsidies for reimbursement were distributed. We also additional funds from the bailout Fund in the amount of 8 billion rubles, — said Medvedev.
Recall, the economic action plan to 2016 was approved in early March. It provides support for some of the most promising sectors of the economy, as well as a large set of social measures. Unlike last year when the state received the banking system, this year the Russian government has put a priority on the real economy and the development of exports of goods and services.
In early September at the Eastern economic forum (WEF), the Minister of economic development Alexei Ulyukayev told journalists that he sees no need for anti-crisis plan for 2017, as the economic situation normalizes. In October, Finance Minister Anton Siluanov, introducing to the state Duma draft guidelines for the budget, tax and customs-tariff policy for 2017-2019, announced that the government intends to reduce waste Reserve Fund to provide stability in 2019 and subsequent years.
— The state, the government needs to be a long-term program of state — said the Professor, head of the Russian economic society. S. Sharapova Valentin Katasonov. — As well as budget, it is necessary to develop three, but preferably five years. To understand what to maintain first in 2017, it is necessary to imagine what will happen in five years, set priorities, given external threats, the scientific and technical process, etc., — said the expert.
Academician Konstantin Andrianov convinced that the new plan of state will be able to slow the fall in real incomes, if it is possible to prioritize.
— This plan should be a tool of recovery and subsequent economic development. The first position we need to give such areas as industrial development, agriculture and the social sphere (education, health and pensions). Everything must be done to reverse the trend of falling real incomes, which is still ongoing, said Andrianov.
In addition to supporting the implemented anti-crisis plan in 2016, you need to pay attention to agriculture because we have not yet come to food security, as well as in the fields of engineering and robotics, on production of computers, services of domestic tourism and construction, believes, in his turn, Professor HSE Oleg Matveychev.
— A better way — to work with those areas that show the real dynamics. This non-oil exports. The need to improve infrastructure in the context of solving problems of logistics (ports and roads), considers the chief economist of Sberbank Mikhail Matovnikov.