The plague has cost Russia billions

The plague has cost Russia billions

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According to estimates of the Rosselkhoznadzor, the losses from the African plague of pigs in 2016 amounted to almost 1.5 billion rubles

Photo: RIA NOVOSTI/Konstantin Chalabov

Head of the Federal service for veterinary and phytosanitary surveillance (Rosselkhoznadzor) Sergey Dankvert has estimated the losses of the Russian economy against the virus of African swine fever (ASF) in 2016, almost 1.5 billion rubles. Industry experts analyzing the results of the past year, called the current situation with ASF threat. Thus, according to analysts, while the average salary of a veterinarian will remain at the level of 14-15 thousand rubles, global measures to combat the spread of the disease will not bring the desired result.

Sergey Dankvert informed “news” that the direct damage that ASF has caused Russia, in 2016 to 1.49 billion. In this country destroyed more than 306 thousand pigs. The head of the Rosselkhoznadzor noted that the situation has sharply deteriorated in connection with the detection of the virus into previously safe areas — for example, in Lipetsk and Vologda regions, in the Chuvash Republic and the Republic of Tatarstan.

We have repeatedly drawn attention of all concerned in the liquidation Achs agencies that infected pigs move uncontrollably around the country. The slaughter of such animals and manufacturing of these dangerous products also remain without supervision, — said the head of Rosselkhoznadzor.

According to him, in 2016 was 12 detections of the virus in the products of the pig industry, which indicates “extremely inefficient to implement the elimination of the disease,” the veterinary services of individual regions.

According to estimates of the National Union of pig producers, over the last eight years in Russia due to the ASF virus were destroyed, 2 million pigs and a loss of industry during this period exceeded 40 billion rubles.

The Ministry of agriculture admit that the amount of damage from Achs in 2016 turned out to be 13 times higher than in 2015. however, over the last 10 years from the Federal budget for subsidising interest rates on loans pig-breeding companies in the development of the industry has invested more than 310 billion.

Serious deterioration of the situation with the spread of ASF in 2016 stating and in large agricultural holdings. So, the General Director of “Rusagro” Maxim Basov at the conference “agricultural holdings of Russia in 2016” in December of last year called the situation “close to catastrophic”. In his opinion, the only solution may be a ban on keeping pigs in private farms (LPH). The Ministry of agriculture, now the share of smallholders account for about 16% of the total pigs in the country (about 3.8 million head).

The Cherkizovo group, in turn, believe that because of the spread of ASF, the industry is exposed to serious danger, which could threaten the country’s food security. We will remind, last year due to the outbreak of this disease at one of its sites “Cherkizovo” was forced to destroy 15 thousand pigs.

The Ministry of agriculture reminded that the Ministry prepared a plan of activities against ASF. First and foremost, it involves the introduction of strict accounting and control of the regional veterinary service in pigs.

According to the CEO of the National swine Union Yuri Kovalev, to radically change the situation with the spread of ASF, we need to solve four sets of problems: to recover a single vertical of the veterinary service, which was destroyed in the process of administrative reform; to ensure Biosafety in industrial pig farming; introduce a clear accounting of and control over the keeping of animals to smallholders; and to minimize the number of vectors — wild boars.

The head of National meat Association Sergey Yushin said that for effective control of ASF will have to make significant adjustments in some Federal laws and make a few new ones. In particular, we are talking about content regulation and the production of pigs in private farms, about livestock identification. It is also necessary to expand the powers of the Rosselkhoznadzor for the control of activities of the veterinary services of the regions. However, in his opinion, all of these global measures will not bring the desired result, while the average salary of a veterinarian in the region will remain at the level of 14-15 thousand rubles.