Maxim Sokolov — about the basic steps for the development of infrastructure in the Arctic zone
Photo: lime/Zurab javakhadze
Before the start of the International Arctic forum the head of Ministry of transport Maxim Sokolov said in an interview with the correspondent of “Izvestia” Eugene Deviatiarov of development of the Arctic transport system of Russia, the prospects of the Northern sea route, the construction of new nuclear icebreakers and the creation of a single protected information and telecommunication system of the transport complex in the Arctic.
The state gives priority transport projects in the Arctic region. Why is it so important?
— The development of the Arctic zone today is one of the priority tasks of the state, and in many ways, her decision depends on the level of development of the transport system of the Arctic region.
Through the territory of the Arctic are sea, air and land transport routes, development of navigation-information support which gives additional impulses for the development of the resources of the Northern territories, creates preconditions for increasing the volume and attractiveness of transportation along the Northern sea route, and will also contribute to improving the living conditions of living in the Arctic population.
Development strategy of the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation and national security for the period up to 2020, the task of development of transport infrastructure in the region to ensure the leadership of Russia in transport use in the Arctic. The Ministry of transport has focused on the development of the Arctic transport infrastructure in the framework of state programs, including attracting private investment, which is reflected in strategic documents of development of the industry. A vivid example is the construction of the port Sabetta.
— Tell us about the current situation with the development of airport infrastructure in the Arctic.
— In the Arctic zone of the aerodrome is 73, 12 of which are located on the coast of the Northern sea route: Murmansk, Arkhangelsk (Talagi), Amderm, Varandey, Naryan-Mar, Bovanenkovo, Sabetta, Dickson, Khatanga, chokurdakh, Tiksi, Pevek. Current editions of Federal target programs for the reconstruction of eight of them: Amderm, Murmansk, Arkhangelsk (Talagi), Naryan-Mar, Dikson, Pevek, Tiksi, chokurdakh. However, in connection with reduction of budgetary financing in the short term it is planned the reconstruction of the airport and chokurdakh, Tiksi.
In the limited capacity of the Federal budget, it seems appropriate to attract large companies, primarily in the commodities sector, interested in maintaining and developing airport infrastructure along the Northern sea route.
In order to preserve and develop the airport infrastructure and hard-to-reach Northern territories on the basis of the loss-making airports of regional and local importance the government established a Federal state enterprise, subsidized from the Federal budget.
This measure will allow us to ensure the operation of unprofitable airports, including those located in the Arctic region, which will create favorable conditions for the development of aviation in the Arctic.
— What projects are now being implemented in the field of Arctic railway infrastructure?
For the development of railway infrastructure in the Arctic, a project of construction of a starting complex of Tommot–Yakutsk. Its implementation will allow to provide uninterrupted year-round delivery of cargo in remote areas of the far North.
It is extremely important for the development of transport in the Arctic is the project of creating a railway of the Northern latitudinal. It will connect the Northern and Sverdlovsk Railways and will shorten the way from fields in the Northern areas of Western Siberia to the ports of the Baltic basin. The main participants in this project are the Russian Railways, “Gazprom” and the administration of Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous district. They Finance their own existing objects of railway infrastructure.
By the way, the Arctic forum will be the signing of the agreement on implementation of construction project of the Northern latitudinal between JSC “RZD” and JSC “Gazprom” concerning the substantive intentions of the parties.
— A focus on roads?
Only on the territory of the Arctic zone are the sections of Federal motorways with a total length of 729,5 km is Now largely systematic repair and restoration work at these sites.
So, on the road P-21 “Kola” the reconstruction of the entrance to Murmansk with the length of over 15 km of the project Implementation made it possible to eliminate infrastructural limitations of passenger and freight traffic and to increase road safety due to removal of transit traffic outside the street-road network of the city.
On the highway M-8 “Kholmogory” reconstruction was completed over a length of 13 km, which is part of such important international TRANS-European routes like the Northern sea route and the international Eurasian transport corridor “North–South”.
This year, in order to increase throughput it is planned to reconstruct the bridge over the canal knyazhya Guba hydroelectric power plant on the road P-21 “Kola”.
— Tell about plans for development of the Northern sea route. How do you assess the potential of this transport route for the transport of goods?
We have developed and approved a comprehensive development plan of the Northern sea route, which is now actively moderniziriruyutsya ports. The total volume of cargo transportation on this route in 2016 has grown by almost 40% and amounted to about 7.5 million tonnes Is a significant increase. The main transport is the export of produced in the Arctic zone of natural resources and the supply of essential goods to the far North in the “Northern delivery”.
By the year 2020 from the Gulf of Ob plans to export 16.5 million tonnes of liquefied natural gas and about 2 million tons of gas condensate through the implementation of the 3rd phase of the project “Yamal LNG”. The project “Gazprom oil” for the development of the Novoportovskoye field will generate an annual volume of $ 8.5 million tonnes of crude oil. Thus, this year the expected substantial growth of cargo traffic along the Northern sea route.
Over the past two years built two diesel-electric icebreaker “Murmansk” and “Vladivostok” with a capacity of 16 MW icebreaker “Novorossiysk”, which allow you to carry out pilotage, breaking the ice thickness up to 1.5 m. Launched icebreaker “Viktor Chernomyrdin” 25 MW, whose construction should be completed by the end of 2018.
Only in the waters of the SMP has eight ice-breakers — four nuclear and four diesel-electric. By 2025 the possibility of building two nuclear-powered icebreakers of project 22220 nuclear icebreaker-leader of 110 mW.
In recent years we have done extensive work to ensure safe navigation of ships and protection of the marine environment from pollution in the waters of the Northern sea route.
— What is the purpose of creation of unified protected information and telecommunication system of the transport complex of the Arctic zone? What will be its functions?
Is our most important area of work for today. Reliable information and navigation environment is the basis for the safe and efficient operation of the transport complex of the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation.
In order to ensure national sovereignty over information flow in the transport complex of the Arctic zone, the Ministry initiated the creation of a single protected information and telecommunication system of the transport complex in the Arctic. It will cover all the territory of the Arctic zone of our country, including the Arctic waters, inland water and land highways, cross-polar air routes as well as regional transport routes and networks of the Russian Arctic.
Taking into account the planned increase in the intensity of cargo transportation in the Arctic zone of Russia is an information resource of this system will be used for coordinating transport and logistics job in transport hubs, as well as operational monitoring of transport situation in the Arctic. The introduction of this system will help socio-economic development of the vast and resource-rich Arctic territories.
The priority for the new system will function comprehensive cartographic, hydrometeorological, navigation and communication ensuring cargo and passenger transportation by all modes of transport in the Arctic zone.
While national sovereignty providing all types of information and navigation services is a priority. We orientirueshsya on the resources of domestic satellite systems and platforms “Messenger”, “Meridian”, GLONASS and others. In addition, the planned establishment of multiple monitoring systems on the basis of a single standard 1090ES automatic dependent surveillance.
Work on creation of the system will be coordinated with the program of modernization by 2020-2025 years of infrastructure of key ports and traffic management systems along the Northern sea route, a system of air traffic management in the Arctic airports and the construction of new Railways and roads.
All together will finally solve the problem of creating a reliable and sustainable departmental communication environment in the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation, without which it is impossible to imagine a safe and efficient transportation services.
— Will the Arctic be applied to unmanned systems?
— Yes, we plan to use. Comprehensive implementation of unmanned systems in the Arctic transport sector is a separate huge task.
Just on the basis of a single protected information and telecommunication system, which we talked about, the plan to deploy advanced traffic control system of unmanned vehicles in the Arctic, able to significantly expand the range of tasks for the Arctic transport system.