What are steroids and how do they work?

What are steroids and how do they work?


Olympic team of Russia has lost the opportunity to participate in the Olympics this year due to the use of drugs that increase efficiency, in Sochi in 2014. Yes, some athletes can compete under another flag, and in General can be a long time to say that “everyone accepts,” but we’re not here for that. Not Olympic athletes — not even athletes use these drugs daily. Anabolic steroids are a lot more popular than you thought, especially given their potential side effects. About 3-4 million people are using steroids, and this is excluding those who don’t want to talk about it.

“Anabolics” is incredibly common. Why?

Anabolic steroids are already present in your body

Testosterone is an anabolic steroid that your body produces naturally. Regardless of your biological sex. Although the ovaries produce much less of this substance than the testes, and this low level of testosterone helps to build muscle. Steroids are a large class of chemical substances with a certain structure — a series of four rings. There are literally hundreds, and they all perform a great variety of biological problems. “Anabolic” means “to build”, so anabolic steroids are the type of steroids that help to create protein. There are many other types of steroids that are not related to muscle growth. Progesterone, for example, also a steroid, but it regulates the female reproductive system, and is not involved in the production of a protein.

We use anabolics, not only in order to fool the IOC. Diseases such as HIV/AIDS and cancer, lead to the fact that the body produces wastes that can be eliminated if the to give patients steroids. Such supplements can restore people important muscle mass. They can also be useful for children, who later entered the stage of puberty, or adults who do not produce enough testosterone naturally. They also are sometimes assigned to those who are experiencing gender dysphoria to have it more clearly manifested secondary sexual characteristics.

Anabolic steroids have become a popular method for the treatment of many diseases, such as osteoporosis, but due to the side effects simply went out of fashion in favor of the best medicine.

If “natural”, why bad?

Many people will tell you that anabolic steroids do not pose any risk. And of all banned substances can reach people, steroids are certainly not the worst. But this does not mean that they are safe.

The steroids may sound simple. You simply complete the process, which already occurs in your body. The problem is that your body does not work with a simple formula, and your hormonal system reacts badly to such manipulations.

Take, for example, a simple Supplement. Many people would like to add a little testosterone to your body, to feel more masculine physically. Partly they are tempted transformations are athletes who take steroids to increase muscle mass. Everyone likes these superheroes with six-pack abs and massive biceps. Excess testosterone promotes rapid muscle growth, rapid healing of minor wounds, so new meat is growing by leaps and bounds. But what happens with the endocrine system?

When you add too much testosterone artificially, the body lowers production of natural testosterone, because it thinks it too much. Therefore, the steroids decrease the sexual organs, the body reduces the production of the hormone in these places — and, therefore, can seriously fall fertility. Which is strange, excess testosterone can lead to to increase Breasts. The body naturally converts testosterone into estrogen. Under normal hormone levels in the body, it will not be a problem. But if you pump it with hormones, bloodstream will begin to wander the extra estrogen. Yes, you will see a chest.

When the “athlete” stops taking steroids, you get a side effect in the form of a body that has ceased to believe that he needs to produce testosterone naturally. The potency will drop, the erection falls, and the fact that the endocrine system returned to normal, can take years. Either century.

What other steroids used by athletes?

Most of the anabolic steroids that athletes take to neglect testosterone. It is much better to produce synthetic steroids, which are unlikely to have direct effects on the endocrine system.

For the Olympic team of Russia prepared a cocktail of three steroids: Oxandrolone, trenbolone and mattelon. The last two in many countries, are considered prohibited drugs from the black market, both are associated with testosterone and are considered powerful tools for muscle growth. The Oxandrolone is not so strong and still is given as a prescription. Its effects are more specific to build muscle, and to a lesser extent relate to secondary sexual characteristics, so it prescribed to patients who need rapid muscle building or healing. Among athletes, this choice is also popular.

Dangerous anabolic steroids?

Yes. While it would be great to have a magic pill (or shot in the ass), which would cause muscles to grow without side effects, the reality is that the joke with the endocrine system is not necessary. Hormones affect so many parts of your body that the side effects are too diverse, and if you take steroids for long periods of time, serious health problems are practically guaranteed.

Start with the basics: you have a tendency to acne (i.e., pimples on the face). No one wants to come back to this puberty phase of their lives. You can also experience an abnormal swelling, because your body retains water properly stretching, because the muscles grow too fast and hair loss (on the head). Also possible spontaneous erections and nocturnal emissions. Excessive body hair, menstrual cycles, narrowing of the chest and extension of the clitoris — is also quite common consequences. Mood swings, severe irritability, aggression is also possible.

In addition to all these problems, which may disappear after discontinuation of the drugs, using them are prone to kidney failure and liver failure. Anabolic steroids increase the risk of heart attack and the development of arrhythmias, as well as prostate cancer. The immune system will also function differently. Insulin response can go.

There are so many screws that artificial steroids screwed into your body that none of them go unnoticed. Be well.