Who and how naming hurricanes?

Who and how naming hurricanes?


Why do hurricanes names?

Unnamed storms (initially, names give it to them) and hurricanes would greatly complicate life for meteorologists, researchers, ship captains, rescuers, and ordinary people. Names facilitate communication, and hence enhance safety. That is why the world meteorological organization and created a special list, which is updated every year.

As called hurricanes before there was a system of naming?

Often hurricanes were named after saints. For example, a hurricane, which reached Puerto Rico on 26 July 1825, the day of St. Anne, and called Saint Anna. Sometimes as the name I chose the name of the area that suffered the most. And sometimes the name of a dictated form of a hurricane. So in 1935 he received the name of hurricane Pin.

How many names on the list?

Every year the list include 21 name – according to the number of all letters in the alphabet, except Q, U, X, Y and Z – they are not used. The names follow in order: the first hurricane of the season is called by name, that begins with A, second To b and so on.

And what if all the letters in the alphabet end?

This is very rare: typically, the number of tropical storms and hurricanes does not exceed 21. If this does happen, comes to the aid of the Greek alphabet. Hurricanes are given the names alpha, Beta, Gamma, Delta, and others.

When hurricanes are called by female names, and when men’s?

First, hurricanes were only “women.” To assign natural disasters female names began military meteorologists during world war II. In 1953 this method has been approved officially. But since 1978, the situation has changed: the hurricanes were given male names.

How many names are already “spent” the meteorologists this year?

For the Atlantic coast a list of hurricane names for the year 2017 is as follows: Arlene, Bret, Cindy, Emily, Franklin, Harvey, Irma, Jose, Katia, Lee, Maria, Ophelia, Philippe, Rina, Shin, Tammy, Vince and Whitney. Now Texas is experiencing the effects of a hurricane by the name of Harvey. This is the sixth name in the list is still 12. But probably they will remain unused.

Can a hurricane “to resign”?

Maybe if he became too disruptive. In this case, reusing the same name may be too painful for the victims. For example, a hurricane with the name Katrina will be no more. It was removed from a list of names and will never use in the future.